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Complete List of Acronyms in Rheumatology

This list will help you decipher the meaning of all of those funny abbreviations.

1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol

1,25 (OH)2D3

25-hydroxyvitamin D

25(OH)D

a,-macroglobulin

a1M

a2-microglobulin

a2m

a2-plasmin inhibitor

a2PI

anterior cruciate ligament

ACL

anticentromere antibodies

ACA

anticardiolipin antibodies

aCL

American College of Rheumatology

ACR

Arthritis Foundation

AF

aggregated human IgG

AHG

Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales

AIMS

antimitochondrial antibodies

AMA

antinuclear antibodies

ANA

antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies

ANCA

anti-glomerular basement membrane

anti-GBM

alkaline phosphatase

AP

antiphospholipid antibodies

aPL

antiphospholipid syndrome

APS

American Rheumatism Association

ARA

Arthritis, Rheumatism, and Aging

ARA

Arthritis Clinical Trials

ACT

adult respiratory distress syndrome

ARDS

acute rheumatic fever

ARF

ankylosing spondylitis

AS

acetylsalicylic acid

ASA

anti-smooth muscle antibodies

ASMA

azathioprine

AZA

British Isles Lupus Assessment Group

BILAG

bone mineral content

BMC

bone mineral density

BMD

body mass index

BMI

bovine serum albumin

BSA

cortical area

CA

cytoplasmic ANCA or classic ANCA

cANCA

complementary DNA

cDNA

collagen-induced arthritis

CIA

circulating immune complex

CIC

counterimmunoelectrophoresis

CIE

carpometacarpal joint

CMC joint

cytornegalovirus

CMV

central nervous system lupus

CNS lupus

calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease

CPDD

calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate

CPPD

calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly,telangiectasias

CREST

chromosomal RNA

cRNA

C-reactive protein

CRP

chondroitin sulfate

CS

cyclosporin A

CSA

Cooperative Systematic Studies of the Rheumatic Diseases (group)

CSSRD

computed tomography

CT

connective tissue disease

CTD

cathepsin G

CTG

carpal tunnel syndrome

CTS

coxsackievirus B

CVB

D-penicillamine

D-Pen

diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis

dcSSc

denatured DNA

dDNA

dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate

DHEAS

direct immunofluorescence

DIF

distal interphalangeal joint

DIP joint

diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

DISH

discoid lupus erythernatosus

DLE

dermatomyositis

DM

disease-modifying antirheumatic drug(s)

DMARD(s)

Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium

DMEM

deoxyribonucleic acid

DNA

dual-photon absorptiometry

DPA

double-stranded DNA

dsDNA

dual x-ray absorptiometry

DXA

Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen

EBNA

Epstein-Barr virus

EBV

European Consensus Lupus Activity Measure

ECLAM

eosinophilic fasciitis

EF

enzyme immunoassay

EIA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ELISA

electron microscopy

EM

electromyography

EMG

extractable nuclear antigen

ENA

ear, nose, throat

ENT

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESR

European Spondylarthropathy Study Group

ESSG

endothelin I

ET-1

fluorescence -activated cell sorter

FACS

fluorescent antinuclear antibodies

FANA

fluorescence in situ hybridization

FISH

fibromyalgia

FM

familial Mediterranean fever

FMF

fast protein (or fast performance) liquid chromatography

FPLC

Felty's syndrome

FS

fluorescent treponernal antibody absorption

FTA-ABS

glycosaminoglycan

GAG

giant cell arteritis

GCA

granulocyte colony- stimulating factor

G-CSF

granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor

GM-CSF

glomerulonephritis

GN

IgG phosphotipid. units

GPL

hyaluronic acid

HA

Health Assessment Questionnaire

HAQ

heat-aggregated IgG

HAGG

hepatitis A virus

HAV

hepatitis B surface antigen

HBsAg

hepatitis B virus

HBV

hydroxychloroquine

HCQ

hepatitis C virus

HCV

hepatitis delta virus

HDV

hepatoma cell line

Hep

human epithelial cell line 2

HEp-2

hepatitis E virus

HEV

human herpesvIrus 6

HHV-6

histidyl-transfer RNA

his-tRNA

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV

heterogeneous nuclear RNA

hnRNA

heterogeneous nuclear RNP

hnRNP

hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

HOA

high performance (or high pressure) liquid chromatography

HPLC

human papilloma virus

HPV

human parvovirus B19

HPV B19

hormone replacement therapy

HRT

Henoch-Schonlein purpura

HSP

hypersensitivity vasculitis

HSV

herpes simplex virus type 1

HSV-1

human T cell lymphotropic virus

HTLV

hemagglutinating virus of Japan

HVJ

intraarticular

IA

inflammatory bowel disease

IBD

inclusion body myositis

IBM

immune complex

IC

ionized calcium

iCa

immunodiffusion

ID

isoelectric focusing

IEF

immunofluorescence

IF

interferon

IFN

indirect immunofluorescence

IIF

interleukin

IL

International League of Associations for Rheumatology

ILAR

interphalangeal joint

IP joint

idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

ITP

juvenile chronic arthritis

JCA

juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

JRA

keratoconjunctivitis sicca

KCS

kaolin clotting time

KCT

kaolin cephalin thromboplastin time

KCTT

kinetoplast DNA

kDNA

La antigen

La

La/SSB antigen

La/SSB

lupus anticoagulant

LAC

Lupus Activity Criteria Count

LACC

limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis

IcSSc

lupus erythematosus cells

LE cells

light microscopy

LM

monoclonal antibody

mAb

metacarpophalangeal joint

MCP joint

macrophage colony-stimulating factor

M-CSF

mixed connective tissue disease

MCTD

major histocompatibility complex

MHC

micro-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

micro-ELISA

matrix metalloproteinase (or matrix metalloprotease)

MMP

Medical Information System

MIS

IgM phospholipid units

MPL

myeloperoxidase

MPO

monoclonal rheumatoid factor

mRF

magnetic resonance imaging

MRI

messenger RNA

mRNA

mass spectrometry

MS

monosodium urate monohydrate

MSU

metatarsophalangeal joint

MTP joint

methotrexate

MTX

native DNA

nDNA

normal human serum

NHS

National Institute of Arthritis

NIAMS

and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

 

nuclear magnetic resonance

NMR

nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug(s)

NSAID(s)

osteoarthritis

OA

osteocalcin

OC

Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid

OMERACT

polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

PAGE

polyarteritis nodosa

PAN

perinuclear ANCA

pANCA

proliferating cell nuclear antigen

PCNA

polymerase chain reaction

PCR

Paget's disease

PD

platelet- derived growth factor

PDGF

positron emission tomography

PET

prostaglandin

PG

proximal interphalangeal joint

PIP joint

polymyositis

PM

polymyositis/dermatomyositis

PM/DM

polymyalgia rheumatica

PMR

proteinase 3

PR3

psoriatic arthritis

PsA

parathyroid hormone

PTH

partial thromboplastin time

PTT

psoralen ultraviolet A

PUVA

quantitative computed tomography

QCT

rheumatoid arthritis

RA

rheumatoid arthritis hemagglutination assay

RAHA

rheumatoid arthritis nuclear antigen

RANA

rheumatic disease unit

RDU

reactive arthritis

ReA

rheumatoid factor

RF

radioimmunoassay

RIA

radial immunodiffusion

RID

ribonucleic acid

RNA

ribonucleoprotein

RNP

Ro antigen

Ro

Ro/SSA antigen

Ro/SSA

Raynaud's phenomenon

RP

ribosomal RNA

rRNA

Reiter's syndrome

RS

remitting seronegative symmetrical

RS3PE

synovitis with pitting edema

 

reflex sympathetic dystrophy (syndrome)

RSD

respiratory syncytial virus

RSV

reverse transcript ase-polymerase chain reaction

RT-PCR

slow-acting antirheurnatic drug(s)

SAARD(s)

sheep cell agglutination test

SCAT

Sclero-70

Scl-70

subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus

SCLE

small cytoplasmic RNP

scRNP

salmon calcitonin

SCT

sodium dodecyl sulfate

SDS

seronegative enthesopathy and arthropathy (syndrome)

SEA

synovial fluid

SF

Spondylitis Functional Index

SFI

sex hormone binding globulin

SHBG

sacroiliac joint

SI joint

Systemic Lupus Activity Measure

SLAM

Systemic Lupus Criteria Count

SLCC

systemic lupus erythematosus

SLE

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index

SLEDAI

Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics

SLICC

synovial membrane

SM

small nuclear RNP

snRNP

spondylarthropathy

SpA

single-photon-emission computed tomography

SPECT

soluble RNA

sRNA

Sjogren's syndrome

SS

SSA antigen

SSA

SSB antigen

SSB

systemic sclerosis

SSc

single-stranded DNA

ssDNA

sulfasalazine

SS

simian vacuolating virus 40

SV40

temporal arteritis

TA

total body bone mineral density

TBBMD

transforming growth factor B

TGFB

thin-layer chromatography

TLC

total lymphoid irradiation

TLI

temporomandibular joint

TMJ

tumor necrosis factor

TNF

topoisomerase I

topo I

tissue plasminogen activator

tPA

transfer RNA

tRNA

type 11 collagen-induced arthritis

type II CIA

undifferentiated connective tissue disease

UCTD

urokinase plasminogen activator

uPA

undifferentiated spondylarthropathy

uSpA

ultrasound transmission velocity

UTV

Venereal Disease Research

VDRL Laboratory (test)

Wegener's granulomatosis

WG

Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index

WOMAC

left-handed DNA

Z-DNA


 
 

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